WASHINGTON (AFP) – Nasa “overpaid” Boeing by hundreds of millions of dollars on a fixed contract to develop a spaceship to carry astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS), an audit report has said, compensation it called “unnecessary.”
The US has relied on Russia to transport its crews to the ISS since the end of the Space Shuttle programme in 2011, but has hired Boeing and SpaceX under multi-billion dollar contracts, with the two companies already two years behind schedule.
“We found that Nasa agreed to pay an additional US$287.2 million above Boeing’s fixed prices to mitigate a perceived 18-month gap in ISS flights anticipated in 2019,” the inspector-general’s report issued on Thursday said. The amount equates to about S$390 million.
“We question US$187 million of these price increases as unnecessary costs,” it added.
The auditors determined the amount of additional spending was not required because the risk of such a gap occurring was minimal, and SpaceX was not provided an opportunity to propose a solution “even though the company previously offered shorter production lead times than Boeing.”
What’s more, Nasa failed to consider in their analysis that they could overcome any perceived gap by purchasing more seats either directly from Russia or from Boeing.
In fact, five days after Nasa committed to paying the US$287.2 million, Boeing proposed to sell Nasa five seats on the Russian spacecraft Soyuz during the same mission period, a sale completed for an additional US$373.5 million, the report found.
But the report’s authors added: “We acknowledge the benefit of hindsight and appreciate the pressures faced by Nasa managers at the time to keep the program on schedule to the extent possible.”
The Commercial Crew Programme has been beset by delays as the two companies face technical and safety challenges.
As of May 2019, Boeing and SpaceX’s contracts were valued at US$4.3 billion and US$2.5 billion, with each company awarded six round-trip missions to the ISS.
Assuming four astronauts per flight, the inspector general estimated average cost per seat at US$90 million for Boeing and US$55 million for SpaceX.
Nasa contested the findings, saying in a written response that “We do not agree that the dollar amounts cited were questionable, unnecessary, or unreasonable.”
The report was also a blow for Boeing, which is in the midst of one of the most serious crises in its history following the grounding of its 737 Max aeroplanes after two recent crashes killed 346 people.
The aerospace giant has come under fire by critics who allege it rushed the plane’s production to match its Airbus competitor, compromising safety.
Responding to the report, Boeing defended its extra billing to Nasa saying it offered “additional flexibility and schedule resiliency.”
It also contested that its average cost per seat was US$90 million, saying the actual value was “significantly less” but declined to give a price.